Biomass Energy

Biomass Energy To many people, the familiar form of renewable energy is either wind or sun, but biomass is what supplies nearly 15 times more energy than solar power and wind combined. It even has the potential to supply much more. Biomass is a renewable source of energy and biological material that originates from a living or recently living thing. It provides nearly 3 percent of the energy that is used in the United States.biomass

We have used biomass energy since people began burning wood to keep warm or cook their food. Burning wood was the main energy source in the world until the middle 1800s. Biomass is still a major energy source for most of the developing world. Only 2 percent of the energy that the United States uses is wood and waste.

Biomass is typically plant matter that is grown to produce heat or create electricity. Biomass does pollute the air as it is burned, but not as much as when fossil fuels are burned. When burning, biomass releases a carbon dioxide into the air, therefore; people are trying to use more biomass and less of the commonly used fossil fuel. Using biomass will decrease waste and support agriculture grown in the US.

Still today, wood is the biggest biomass energy resource that we have, but there are other sources that can be used. Some include plants, food crops, remaining matter from forestry or agriculture and the organic parts of industrial and municipal wastes. The vapors and gases from landfills can also be used as a biomass energy source.

MSW or municipal solid waste is another big source of biomass. Trash from animals or plants as well as clippings from lawns, food scraps and leaves are all types of biomass. MSW can be used as energy when it its either burned or its biogas is captured. Trash can be burned to create steam that can be used for heat or electricity.

Biomass is used for power, fuel and products that would normally be made from fossil fuels. The following are benefits from Biomass:
1. Potential to lower greenhouse gas emissions.
2. Reduce dependency on foreign oil.
3. Supports forest-product industries and United States agriculture.